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Homework Help: Density of ideal gas

  1. Feb 4, 2016 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    in this notes , i was told that the PV=mRT , why ? shouldn't PV= NRT , N=number of moles ? it should be PV = m/M (RT) , right ?

    2. Relevant equations

    3. The attempt at a solution

    Attached Files:

  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 4, 2016 #2


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    The R is different in the two equations:

    1) PV=mRT ... R in J/(kg⋅K) is variable and depends on the kind of gas (you find the values in tables)
    2) PV=nRmT ... Rm in J/(mol⋅K) is constant (≈ 8.314)
  4. Feb 4, 2016 #3


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    The text is perfectly clear. Read it carefully. They use R for a 'constant' that is different for each gas and ##R_u## for what we normally call the gas constant.
  5. Feb 4, 2016 #4


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    What is not made clear in your text is that the R in PV = n RT and the R in PV = m RT have different values because they have different units.

    In fact, the latter equation should be PV = m Rspecific T to make this distinction clear.

    R = 8.314 J / mol / °K, while Rspecific = R / M, where M is the molar mass of a particular gas, in kg / mol

    For example, Rspecific for oxygen is 8.314 / 0.032 = 259.81 J / kg / °K, since M for oxygen is 0.032 kg / mol, approximately.


    If PV = m Rspecific T, then ρ = m / V, and the equation becomes P = ρ Rspecific T
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