Density Of Metal In Alloy

  • Thread starter Lancelot59
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  • #1
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Homework Statement


A Mg-Al alloy has a mass of 0.263 g and a density of 2.40 g/cm3. The density of pure Mg =
1.74 g/cm3 and for pure Al = 2.70 g/cm3. Calculate the % Mg in the alloy.


Homework Equations


D=M/V


The Attempt at a Solution


Well I'm not really sure where to do. I solved for the volume of the alloy, then tried to use it to determine the mass of the Mg. Once there I divided by the total mass and multiplied by 100 to get the wrong answer.

How can I go about getting the mass of Mg in the alloy?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Borek
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Assume that volume of the alloy is the sum of volumes and mass is the sum of masses. That gives two equations in two unknowns.

In reality only one of these equations is correct - that is, mass is sum of masses. Volumes are not additive. But that's not your fault.

--
methods
 
  • #3
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Could you please elaborate on why volumes aren't additive in this case?4

Also I'm getting nowhere fast.

I wound up with 0.263g = MassMg + MassAl

Then solved for MassAl like so:

MassAl = 0.263 - MassMg

Then tried to substitute it back in:

0.263 = MassMg + 0.263 - MassMg

Which just cancels itself out.
 
Last edited:
  • #4
Borek
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28,702
3,190
Where is the equation for sum of volumes? Note, that volumes can be expressed using mass and density.

Volumes are not additive in general. If you mix 50 mL of water and 50 mL of ethanol you will get 96.4 mL of mixture.

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  • #5
634
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Ok. I finally got word back from my teacher, and I think I see what to do now. I'll post my resulting solution when I figure it out.
 

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