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Density of states, fermi energy

  1. Dec 25, 2011 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Consider an electron gas with a density of states given by D(e) = ae2. Here a is a constant. The Fermi energy is eF.
    a) We first consider the system at zero temperature. Compute the total number of electrons N and the groundstate
    energy E. Show that the average energy per electron in the groundstate is given by (3/4)eF.


    2. Relevant equations
    many available expressions for the number of electrons but dont know which one to use.

    i.e N(E)= V/3π2(2mE/hbar2)3/2

    lacking expressions for energy
    3. The attempt at a solution
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 25, 2011 #2
    What does the "density of states" mean? it means the number of states between energies e and e+de.

    At zero temperature all the states are occupied till the fermi level. So you simply have to integrate the density of states till the Fermi energy to obtain the number of electrons (As electrons obey pauli exclusion, so only one electron per state...).
     
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