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Density of states in D dimensions

  1. Nov 23, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    Find the density of states g(ε) for an ideal quantum gas of spinless particles in dimension d with dispersion relation  ε= α|p|s , where ε is the energy and p is the momentum of a particle. The gas is confined to a large box of side L (so V = Ld) with periodic boundary conditions. The density of states is defined as the number of single particle energy states with energy between ε and ε + dε. You can use the volume of a d-dimensional sphere of radius R,
    Ω0 = 2πd/2/dΓ(d/2)Rd.


    3. The attempt at a solution

    In 3D we solved this problem by solving the Schrodinger eq. where ε~p2
    but what happen when the dispersion relation is ε= α|p|s?

    My attempt was to define Γ(ε) as the number of states with energy ≤ ε
    in d- dimentions Γ(ε) = the volume of a d-dimensional sphere of radius n(ε) (n ia the quantum num)
    g(ε)=dΓ(ε)/dε

    but how can i find the relation between n and ε?

    is it ok to say : p=(h/2π)k and k=πn/L and then just put it in the dispertion relation?

    Thank you!
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 23, 2013 #2

    TSny

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    Gold Member

    Yes, but k=πn/L is not the correct relation for periodic boundary conditions. (Darn factors of 2.)
     
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