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Density operator quantum mechanics

  1. Jan 7, 2013 #1
    I have the following situation: About the polarization of the photon, I introduce the basis:

    Horizontal polarization $|\leftrightarrow>=\binom{1}{0}$
    Vertical polarization $|\updownarrow>=\binom{0}{1}$

    The density matrix in this problem is:

    $$\rho =\frac{1}{2}\begin{pmatrix}
    1+\xi _{1} & \xi_{2}-i\xi _{3}\\
    \xi_{2}+i\xi _{3} & 1-\xi _{1}
    \end{pmatrix}$$

    The Stokes parameters are: $\xi _{1}, \xi _{2}, \xi _{3}$

    The probability that if the photon has got lineal polarization whose axis forms an angle $\theta$ with de horizontal is:

    $$|w>=cos\theta |\leftrightarrow>+sin\theta|\updownarrow>$$

    $$ P_{\theta}=<w|\rho|w>=\frac{1}{2}\left ( 1+\xi_{1}cos(2\theta)+\xi_{2}sin(2\theta) \right )$$

    Is there any value of the [Stokes parameters](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stokes_parameters) for which this probability is zero?
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data



    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
     
  2. jcsd
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