Determination of enthalpy of solution (solubility/temp stuff)

  1. Just done an experiment where you dissolve benzoic acid in water at different temperatures and different volumes of water.

    From the van't hoff equation you then plot a graph of ln(solubility) against 1/Temp which produces a straight line with gradient -ΔH/RT from which you get the enthalpy change.

    (vant hoff equation): lnk = -ΔH/RT + constant

    The first question was:

    why isnt it necessary to express solubility in mol/l despite ΔH beight evaluated in J/mol?

    I answered with:

    It isn’t necessary to convert solubility into mol/l because it’s the difference in solubility that’s important. Therefore plotting solubility with either units will always produce a line of the same gradient but with different Y intercept (the intercept being insignificant)

    Is that ok?

    The second question im stuck on is:

    Why is it that solubility, S, may be used instead of the equilibrium constant, K, in the van't hoff equation?

    I would guess they are proportional to each other or something?

    would really appreciate any help :smile:
     
  2. jcsd
  3. ShawnD

    ShawnD 986
    Science Advisor

    I believe you are right. As long as -H/RT is using the correct units, the slope should be the same. Remember that this is only true if the units being used have a direct linear correlation to the other units being used.


    Correct, but you should probably say why that is true. Wikipedia has an explanation of solubility equilibrium. Under nonionic it says this:

    Remember that this is only true because benzoic acid is a weak acid meaning the majority of it is COOH (which applies to the above quote). Only a tiny fraction of it is the ionic COO- form, to which Ka applies, but it's so small you can probably just ignore it.

    edit: Firefox actually copies tex code from wikipedia. Fascinating.
     
    Last edited: Dec 10, 2007
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