Determine Projectile Motion velocity

  • Thread starter dekoi
  • Start date
  • #1
dekoi
If the velocity of a projectile is known at t=1second and the gravitational force is unknown, how does one determine the velocity at t=0, 2, and 3 seconds.

The projectile does not start from rest.


If i use the formula: vfy = viy - gt, i can't solve for v, since the value for g is unknown.

Thank you .
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
hotvette
Homework Helper
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Use the information you have. How can knowing the velocity at t=1 sec help? Hint: use your equation of motion.
 
  • #3
dekoi
Which equation for motion?

I still do not understand.
 
  • #4
151
0
dekoi said:
The projectile does not start from rest.

You're sure this is correct and you've listed everything that's been given to you (vy1)? If that's the case, you can't solve for vy0, vy2, etc. numerically. The best you could do is solve for them in terms of vy0 . For example:

[tex]
v_{y1} = v_ {y0} + g't \Longrightarrow g' = \frac{v_{y1}-v_{y0}}{t}
[/tex]

You could then put vy2 and vy3 in terms of vy0, but that's as far as you could go. If you had one other piece of information you could solve for g' numerically and use it to solve for the other velocities as well.
 
  • #5
dekoi
The only problem with that is that in the second part of the question, I have to find the value of "g", so there must be a way to do it. Here is the exact question:

A physics student on Planet Exidor throws a ball, and it follows a parabolic trajectory. The ball's position is shown at 1 s intervals until t = 3 s. At t = 1 s, the ball's velocity is v = (2.0i + 2.0j) m/s. (i and j being unit vectors for x and y)
a) Determine the ball's velocity at t = 0s, 2s, and 3s.
b) What is the value of g on Planet Exidor?
c) What was the ball's launch angle?
 
  • #6
Päällikkö
Homework Helper
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Does the problem have a graph/figure ("The ball's position is shown" implies it does)? Can you see the height from that?
 
  • #7
dekoi
It does not land at 3 seconds; the graph only shows up until 3 seconds.

The graph is attached.
 

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  • #8
Päällikkö
Homework Helper
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[tex]v_y = v_{y0} - gt[/tex]
What do you know at t = 1s and t = 2s?
 
  • #9
dekoi
At t = 1s, vx = 2.0 m/s and vy = 2.0 m/s.
At t = 2s, vx = 2.0 m/s and vy = (2.0 - g) m/s
 
  • #10
Fermat
Homework Helper
872
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From your graph, you can see that the total time of flight is 4s.
So the time to reach max height = 2s
You also know the vertical velocity at t = 1.
By symmetry the velocity at t = 3 will be the same as at t= 1, but in the opposite direction.
Now you can use your eqns of motion to solve for g, etc.
 
  • #11
151
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dekoi said:
At t = 2s, vy = (2.0 - g) m/s

{quote snipped for clarity}

This answer is correct; however, by looking at your graph I can tell you the *exact* numerical value of v2y. Why is that?
 
  • #12
dekoi
Is this correct?

v2y= 0 m/s
therefore
0 m/s = 2.0 - g
g = 2.0 m/s2

v0 = (2.0i + 4.0j) m/s
v1 = (2.0i + 2.0j) m/s
v2 = (2.0i) m/s
v3 = (2.0i - 2.0j) m/s

v0 = sqrt(2.0^2 + 4.0^2) = sqrt(4 + 16) = sqrt20 m/s

angle = arccos(v0x / v0) = arccos(2 / sqrt20) = 1.1 degrees

I am not sure about the angle.
 
  • #13
dekoi
Any responses?
 
  • #14
Päällikkö
Homework Helper
519
11
You have radians on.

Looks good.
 
  • #15
dekoi
Thank you everyone.
 

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