Determine the voltage V

  • Thread starter Mosaness
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  • #1
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1. Determine the voltage v as labeled in Fig. 3.72, and calculate the power supplied by each current source.



Homework Equations



KVL and Ohms Law


The Attempt at a Solution



The first step is to try and simplify the circuit so that it gives a resistance of 0.75Ω, which is obtained by combining the two resistors that are in parallel: [itex]\frac{1}{1 + \frac{1}{3}} [/itex]. We thus now have a current dependent current source, 3ix, a current source of 2A and a resistor of 0.75Ω, with the total current flowing counterclock-wise.

Using this, KCL can be applied:

-3ix - 2 = 0 so that ix = -2/3

V is then:

(1)(-2/3) + (1)(-3)(-2/3) + (-2)(3) = -14/3


The power supplied by each current source then should be:

P(3ix) = (14/3)(2/3) = 28/9

P(2A) = (14/3)(-2) = -28/9
 

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Answers and Replies

  • #2
ehild
Homework Helper
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You assumed that the same current flows through both resistors which is not true. Use KCL for the node N to express i1 in terms of ix, and KVL for the blue loop in the attached picture.

ehild
 

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  • #3
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You assumed that the same current flows through both resistors which is not true. Use KCL for the node N to express i1 in terms of ix, and KVL for the blue loop in the attached picture.

ehild

Based on your diagram i1 = -ix.

As for the inner loops,

Do we combine the two resistors? They are in parallel after all and should give 0.75 ohms no?

And if we know that,

Then by KVL,

0.75(-3ix) -1.50 = 0 and we can solve for ix?
 
  • #4
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Am I on the correct path?
 
  • #5
ehild
Homework Helper
15,543
1,912
Based on your diagram i1 = -ix.
NO, they are different. The loop is not a physical loop, only a closed path in the circuit, to get the sum of potential differences, which should be zero. How does the potential change across the 3 Ω and the 1 Ω resistors?


ehild
 

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