 #1
greg_rack
Gold Member
 363
 79
 Homework Statement:

POINT A)
Calculate the internal shear force and bending moment(no torque) that would cause the internal stress state given above. Clearly indicated both magnitude and direction, and
show/describe how you arrive at this answer. You may assume the internal loads act at the centroid.
POINT B)
Your colleague seems to recall that also an internal torque was present in the original loading of the structure. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with your colleagues recollection.
You do not need to calculate the internal torque, simply identify if it would be zero or nonzero and
provide sufficient reasoning for your decision.
 Relevant Equations:

Shear flow distribution resulting from applied shear force and torque,
Internal normal stress resulting from internal bending moment
As you can see from the picture, the cross section to analyze is idealized and the boom areas resulting from this are given.
For POINT A) all I did was:
 for determining the shear forces, integrating the shear flows over the sides to compute the vertical and horizontal contribution of each side to the shear forces: sum of vertical contributions will be ##V_y##, sum of horizontal ##V_x##
 for determining the internal bending moments, calculting MsOI ##I_{xx}## and ##I_{yy}##(##I_{xy}=0## because of symmetry) and taking the normal stresses in two booms(e.g., 1 and 2) to solve the system of eqs. below for ##M_x## and ##M_y##: $$\left\{\begin{matrix}
\sigma_1=\frac{M_x}{I_{xx}}y_1+\frac{M_y}{I_{yy}}x_1 \\
\sigma_2=\frac{M_x}{I_{xx}}y_2+\frac{M_y}{I_{yy}}x_2 \\
\end{matrix}\right.$$
When it comes to POINT B) though, I get quite confused. What I would do is calculating the shear center SC(in this case, reading the statement of POINT A) I am led to think and assume that this coincides with the centroid C of the section even though this is not true in general; what do you think about this?) of the cross section and then take the moment generated by the shear flow distribution around that point: if the resulting moment is zero, then no torque is present; if it differs from zero, then it means that a torque is acting on the cross section.
Would this make sense? If no, what would? If yes, is there any other(smarter) way to answer the question?