Diagonalisation of matrix

Homework Statement

This is part of a larger problem of finding $$e^A$$, where $$A = \left[ \begin{array}{ccc} 0 & 0 & -2 \\ 1 & 2 & 1 \\ 1 & 0 & 3 \end{array} \right]$$

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The Attempt at a Solution

I generally have no problems with diagonalising a matrix, however, in this case I just can't seem to get it to work. I've got the eigenvectors to be $$(-1, 0, 1)^T, (0, 1, 0)^T, (-2, 1, 1)^T$$

Once carried through the steps of finding $$P, A, P^{-2}$$ and finding the diagonal, I come out with

$$D = \left[ \begin{array}{ccc} 2 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 2 & 2 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end{array} \right]$$

I've checked it on wolframalpha and on maple and both confirm that my inverse is correct and following through the multiplication both come out with the same result. Chances are I've just made a silly mistake somewhere. Can someone help me spot it?

Thankyou

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Dick
Homework Helper
You mean you did D=P^(-1)AP where P is the matrix whose columns are the eigenvectors, right? I did the same thing and got D=diag(2,2,1). What did you get for P^(-1)?

Sorry, I did mean $$P^{-1}$$

$$\left[ \begin{array}{ccc} 1 & 0 & 2 \\ 1 & 1 & 1 \\ -1 & 0 & -1 \end{array} \right]$$

Dick
Homework Helper
Looks right.

With P:
$$\left[ \begin{array}{ccc} -1 & 0 & -2 \\ 0 & 1 & 1 \\ 1 & 0 & -1 \end{array} \right]$$

I get P^(-1)AP=diag(2,2,1). I do notice that if I do PAP^(-1) I get your off diagonal result D. That's not the right order.

Last edited:
Oh, yes, it was down to wrong order. Very silly!

Thanks for clearing that up