# Dielectric and Energy

1. Apr 24, 2011

### 123yt

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Consider a horizontal square plate capacitor of area 1*1 m2, capacitance in vacuum 2 uF, which contains a dielectric material with dielectric constant K=5. The dielectric slides frictionlessly and is attached via a massless string and a massless pulley to a block of mass 2.5 kg. The block pulls the dielectric from the capacitor as it falls. Compute the speed of the block at the instant the dielectric leaves the capacitor assuming it starts at rest and that the voltage across the capacitor after the dielectric is removed is measured to be 500 V.

2. Relevant equations
U = 1/2 CV^2 = q^2 / 2C

3. The attempt at a solution
Energy without dielectric = 1/2 * 2 * 10^-6 * 500^2 = 0.25
Energy with dielectric = 0.25 / k = 0.05

Energy change = 0.25 - 0.05 = 0.2

0.2 = 1/2 mv^2
v^2 = 0.4 / 2.5
v = 0.4 m/s

Actual answer is 4.4091 m/s .

2. Apr 25, 2011

### ehild

Do not forget the change of the potential energy of the box.

ehild