Dielectric and Energy

  1. 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Consider a horizontal square plate capacitor of area 1*1 m2, capacitance in vacuum 2 uF, which contains a dielectric material with dielectric constant K=5. The dielectric slides frictionlessly and is attached via a massless string and a massless pulley to a block of mass 2.5 kg. The block pulls the dielectric from the capacitor as it falls. Compute the speed of the block at the instant the dielectric leaves the capacitor assuming it starts at rest and that the voltage across the capacitor after the dielectric is removed is measured to be 500 V.


    2. Relevant equations
    U = 1/2 CV^2 = q^2 / 2C


    3. The attempt at a solution
    Energy without dielectric = 1/2 * 2 * 10^-6 * 500^2 = 0.25
    Energy with dielectric = 0.25 / k = 0.05

    Energy change = 0.25 - 0.05 = 0.2

    0.2 = 1/2 mv^2
    v^2 = 0.4 / 2.5
    v = 0.4 m/s

    Actual answer is 4.4091 m/s .
     
  2. jcsd
  3. ehild

    ehild 12,386
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member
    2014 Award

    Do not forget the change of the potential energy of the box.

    ehild
     
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