1. Not finding help here? Sign up for a free 30min tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Dielectric with capacitor

  1. Sep 28, 2013 #1
    A parallel-plate air capacitor of area A= 21.0 cm2 and plate separation d= 3.20 mm is charged by a battery to a voltage 50.0 V. If a dielectric material with κ = 4.80 is inserted so that it fills the volume between the plates (with the capacitor still connected to the battery), how much additional charge will flow from the battery onto the positive plate?

    C= ε0A/d
    Q=C(dV)
    C= κC_0_
    Q= κQ_0_

    Using the first equation, I found the capacitance for the vacuum-insulated capacitor. Then I found the change in capacitance using C=κC_0_. I got C_0_(vacuum-insulated capacitance) to be 7.29e-9 F and got C(dielectric-insulated capacitance) to 3.5e-8. I know that while the capacitor is hooked up to the battery, the potential difference(dV) does not change. So I used Q= C(dV) to find the charge on the plates with dielectric in between which was 1.75e-6 C. I also found the Q_0_(vacuum-insulated charge) to be 3.64e-7 C. I took the difference of the two and got 1.38e-6 C. I thought this was the answer but it was wrong. The problem asks, "how much additional charge will flow from the battery onto the positive plate?" though. I feel I'm missing something but I don't know what.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 28, 2013 #2

    Delphi51

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    Looks like you understand the problem very clearly.
    But there may be something wrong with the capacitance calcs:
    I get C = ε₀A/d = 8.854E-12*21E-4 / 3.2E-3 = 5.81 E-12
    which is more than a thousand times smaller than your value.
    Mind you, I'm struggling a bit with calculations these days.
     
  4. Sep 29, 2013 #3
    I think i figured out my problem. My was miscalculating my ε_0_ but I got it now. Thank you!
     
  5. Sep 29, 2013 #4

    Delphi51

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    Most welcome!
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?
Draft saved Draft deleted



Similar Discussions: Dielectric with capacitor
  1. Capacitor and Dielectric (Replies: 11)

Loading...