Differential Equations help

1. Jul 27, 2007

EugP

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

1) $$y''' - y' = 2\sin{t}$$, find the general solution.

2) $$x^2y'' + 3xy' + 5y = 0$$, find the general solution.

I'm pretty sure I did #2 correct, but I'm stuck on #1. I can't find the particular solution. I would, however, like to know if I did #2 right.

2. Relevant equations

$$F(r) = r^2 + (\alpha - 1)r + \beta = 0$$

For $$r_1 \ and \ r_2$$ Complex conjugates:

$$y = C_1x^{\lambda}\cos(\mu\ln{x}) + C_2x^{\lambda}\cos(\mu\ln{x})$$

3. The attempt at a solution

1) First I found the homogenous solution:

$$y''' - y' = 0$$

$$r^3 - r = 0$$

$$r(r + 1)(r - 1) = 0$$

$$r_1 = 0, \ r_2 = -1, \ r_3 = 1$$

$$y = C_1 + C_2e^{-t} + C_3e^t$$

Now I try finding the particular solution by using the method of undetermined coefficients. Since $$y''' - y' = 2\sin{t}$$, I will assume $$y_1 = A_1tcost + A_2tsint$$, from this:

$$y_1' = (A_1 + A_2t)\cos{t} + (A_2 - A_1t)\sin{t}$$

$$y_1'' = (2A_2 - A_1t)\cose{t} - (2A_1 + A_2t)\sin{t}$$

$$y_1''' = (A_1t - 3A_2)\sin{t} - (3A_1 + A_2t)\cos{t}$$

Now I plug that into the original equation, simplify and get:

$$(2A_1t - 4A_2)\sint{t} - 2(2A_1 + A_2t)\csot{t} = 2\sin{t}$$

This is where I'm stuck. How do I find $$A_1$$ and $$A_2$$?

2) $$x^2y'' + 3xy' + 5y = 0$$

$$\alpha = 3, \ \beta = 5$$

So:

$$F(r) = r^2 + (\alpha - 1)r + \beta = 0$$

$$r^2 + 2r + 5 = 0$$

$$r_1 = -1 + 2i, \\ r_2 = 1 - 2i$$

So the general solution is:

$$y = C_1x^{-1}\cos(2\ln{x}) + C_2x^{-1}\sin(2\ln{x})$$

Any help would be greatly appreciated.

EDIT: I changed my assumption in #1. Since $$cos t$$ and $$sin t$$ are not solutions of the homogenous equation, I chose:

$$y_1 = A_1\sin {t} + A_2\cos{t}$$

$$y_1' = A_1\cos{t} - A_2\sin {t}$$

$$y_1'' = -A_1\sin {t} - A_2\cos{t}$$

$$y_1''' = -A_1\cos{t} + A_2\sin {t}$$

Now I plug back in and get:

$$-A_1\cos{t} + A_2\sin{t} - (A_1\cos{t} - A_2\sin {t}) = 2\sin{t}$$

$$2A_2\sin {t} - 2A_1\cos{t} = 2\sin {t}$$

$$A_2 - A_1\cot{t} = 1$$

So now I get $$A_1 = 0$$ and $$A_2 = 1$$

Therefore:

$$y = C_1 + C_2e^{-t} + C_3e^t + \cos{t}$$[/tex]

Is this correct?

Last edited: Jul 27, 2007
2. Jul 27, 2007

daveb

Have you tried using just A1*sin(t) +A2*cos(t)?

3. Jul 27, 2007

EugP

Yes I just edited my first post to show that I did. Thanks.

4. Jul 28, 2007

HallsofIvy

Staff Emeritus
Try differentiating y(t)= C1+ C2e-t+ C3et+ cos(t) three times and plug the result into the differential equation!