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Diganolizing a Matrix?

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1. Homework Statement

Let Matrix A =

[2, 1, 0, 2]
[-1, 0, -1, 0]
[2, 1, 0, 1]
[1, 0, -1, 1]

Find it's transitional matrix C and diagonal matrix D such that A = CDC^-1.

2. Homework Equations



3. The Attempt at a Solution

I find the determinant of A-tI and set it equal to 0 to get the characteristic polynomial: t^4 - 3x^3 + 3x^2 - 2. How can I quickly factor polynomials of degree 3 or 4 like this to solve for the eigenvalues? We are not allowed to use calculators or programs on our exam, and we are limited on time. The rest of the process I understand. Thanks in advance for the help.
 
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If (t - a) is a linear factor of your polynomial, a has to be a divisor of -2. Using polynomial long division check (t - 1), (t + 1), (t - 2), and (t + 2). If one of these works, you'll be left with a third degree polynomial, which you can run the same process on. If you can get another linear factor, you'll have two linear factors and a quadratic, which you can factor by a number of techniques.
 

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