(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

Here's the question... it was easier to format it in paint haha:

Please note I'll just write + to mean the plus with the circle around it (direct sum). + is just a normal addition.

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

V = im(T) + ker(S) means that im(T) ∩ ker(S) = {0} and that im(T) + ker(S) = V.

If ST = 1_{v}, then TS = 1_{w}. Thus w = T(v) and v = S(w).

S[w - TS(w)] = S(w) - STS(w) = v - ST(v) = v - S(w) = v -v = 0, therefore it's in ker(S).

Now I'm stuck. I don't know how to use this to do the proof... I think showing the intersection might go:

im(T) ∩ ker(S) = T(v) ∩ w - TS(w) = w ∩ 0 = 0. But I'm not sure.

I have no idea about the im(T) + ker(S) part though.

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# Homework Help: Direct Sum Proof

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