# Directional derivative

I have a function of 2 variables. I know it increase most rapidly in the direction of the gradient, but how about in wht direction is it not increasing?

I am thinking that the gradient (dot product)(direction in which it is not increasing) = 0

Any hints?

CompuChip
Homework Helper
Well, since you mentioned the word "directional derivative" anyway: you could check for which $\vec v$
$$(\vec\nabla f(x, y)) \cdot \vec v < 0$$
?

HallsofIvy
Homework Helper
Yes, it is true that $\vector{\nabla f}\cdot \vector v$ is the directional derivative in the directional derivative in the direction of $\vec{v}$ (for $\vec{v}$ of length 1). And that tells you the derivative is 0 perpendicular to the gradient.

(CompuChip, surely you didn't mean "<"?)

CompuChip