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Dispersionless Excitations

  1. Mar 7, 2015 #1


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    Hello everybody,

    I have a question related to dispersionless excitations in solids (especially charge excitations).
    Usually when you have a charge excitation involving an impurity in a solid or another excitation that is very local in real space, they show up with a flat dispersion in reciprocal space. First of all, it's not really straightforward for me to understand why. Is it due to the fact that we can assume a zero Fermi velocity?

    The second question I have is related to the nature of this kind of excitations. If a charge excitation is very local in real space, I would expect a strong excitonic nature, as a Frenkel exciton. This happens for instance in optically forbidden d-d transitions, whose dispersion can be probed by resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS). Therefore, the dispersion I expect to be flat is the one of the two-particle excitation spectrum. However, many times, I also see in ARPES measurements that a flat dispersion appears for impurity states in solids. ARPES is sensitive to the single-particle excitation spectrum and it involves a process that is completely different with respect to RIXS. How can this flat dispersion be retrieved also in the single-particle scenario in the case of impurity states?

    Thanks for your time.
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 7, 2015 #2


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    Science Advisor

    If excitons are very localized, excitons at different lattice points will interact little and therefore superpositions with different k values will differ only little in energy. I.e., the energy dispersion will be quite flat.
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