1. Consider a correlation function between two points `A(x1,t1)` and `B(x2,t2)`, we need to integrate over paths which could be infinite long. But the time length `(t1-t2)` is finite, so if A and B are the coordinates of one single particle, then all of the paths from A to B should be time-like curves, the maximum length should be `c*(t1-t2)`, which is not infinitely long. It seems special relativity could be violated here.(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

2. Consider any loop integration of higher order correction to a Feynman digram calculation, we have infinitely many off-shell processes and "internal virtual particles", which could be created and annihilated without taking any time. Does this violate special relativity?

Is there any better reason than simply saying these are "internal virtual processes"? They do affect our final real physical observations!

for the second case, one might argue that no particles here but only fluctuating fields? But when, where, and how are those fields created? Do these fields exist even before our universe was born? This picture is not that physically clear to me.

Any better insight?

**Physics Forums | Science Articles, Homework Help, Discussion**

Join Physics Forums Today!

The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

# Does path integral and loop integral in a Feynman diagram violate special relativity?

Can you offer guidance or do you also need help?

**Physics Forums | Science Articles, Homework Help, Discussion**