If a six-sided die is rolled 6 times, probability dictates that each number will appear once. Any number has a 1/6 probability of being rolled. But, the die is not necessarily subject to probability, because probability itself, in this case at least, is only a function of the known universal laws. The only things that determine which number is rolled are gravity, the speed and angle at which the die is thrown, the initial spin of the die, air resistance, surface it lands on, etc, not a purely random system we call probability. Likewise, the results of flipping a hundred pennies will eb based on the same system, and if all information is known, we can determine whether it will be heads or tails. This destroys probability as an actual function, but limits it to an excuse for our inability to know all these variables at all times. I've heard theories state that when a dice is rolled, all numbers are rolled, but at different probabilities. So all outcomes affect "everything", so to speak, due to causality. But, if a machine were constructed in a constant vacuum chamber with constant gravity, and this machine could launch a number of dice at the EXACT same angle, speed, spin, etc, we could theoretically determine whether or not the outcome will be 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6. Is probability really just a way of explaining what we cant easilly determine with a simple equation, or am I missing something? If every event is determined on a set of laws, then wouldnt this mean that probability is just meaningless? How can all outcomes happen if only one is allowed by a constant set of laws? The only way probability can really exist is if universal laws act differently on every particle in the universe at different times, and even this would amke probability a function of laws, not events. ?????