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Doppler Effect of a whistle

  1. Mar 16, 2008 #1

    danago

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    Gold Member

    A whistle of frequency 577 Hz moves in a circle of radius 73.2 cm at an angular speed of 16.1 rad/s. What are (a) the lowest and (b) the highest frequencies heard by a listener a long distance away, at rest with respect to the center of the circle? (Take the speed of sound in air to be 343 m/s.)
    The linear velocity of the whistle is given by:

    [tex]
    v = r\omega = (0.732)(16.1) = 11.7852ms^{ - 1}
    [/tex]

    The component of the velocity in the direction of the listener is at a maximum/minimum when it moves directly towards/away from the listener, with the velocity in this direction being 11.7852m/s.

    The greatest frequency will be heard when the velocity of the whistle towards the listener is greatest, thus the effective frequency will be:

    [tex]
    f' = 577 \times \frac{{343}}{{343 - 11.7852}} = 597.53Hz
    [/tex]

    The smallest frequency will be heard when the velocity of the whistle towards the listener is smallest, or when the whistle moves away from the listener with greatest velocity, thus the effective frequency will be:

    [tex]
    f' = 577 \times \frac{{343}}{{343 + 11.7852}} = 557.833Hz
    [/tex]

    According to the solutions, those answers are incorrect. Anyone able to shed some light on where my reasoning is flawed?

    Thanks in advance,
    Dan.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 16, 2008 #2

    danago

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    Gold Member

    Ah nevermind, i just realised that i was submitting the solutions the wrong way round, giving the highest one instead of the lowest one. Guess thats i sign i should head off to bed :rolleyes:
     
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