# Dot and Cross Products

1. Feb 4, 2016

### zr95

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Find (u• v) 2 + ||u × v||2 , given ||u|| = 5 and ||v|| = 3

2. Relevant equations
u•v=||u|| ||v|| cos(x)
u×v=||u|| ||v|| sin(x)

3. The attempt at a solution

Using these two equations I squared them both, brought them together and ended up with 225cos2(x) + 225sin2(x) and received a final answer of 225.

Am I correct in my math?

Why is it that if you square both the dot product and the cross product you just get the two magnitudes squared and multiplied together?

2. Feb 4, 2016

### Hornbein

cos(x)^2 + sin(x)^2 = 1

Remember that. It comes up very frequently.

3. Feb 4, 2016

### zr95

Yes that's what I used to simplify down to 225.

4. Feb 4, 2016

### Hornbein

Oh, right. Anyway, I can't come up with a better answer to your question.

5. Feb 4, 2016

### zr95

I guess I was more curious about why this holds true in terms of words as opposed to the mathematics.

(u• v) 2 + ||u × v||2 = ||u||2 * ||v||2

6. Feb 4, 2016

### haruspex

To do that, you'd have to start with descriptions of dot and cross product that do not depend on the algebra.

7. Feb 5, 2016

### Hornbein

In think the purpose is to teach you the math. It doesn't have any relation to the real world.