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Double Integral Help

  1. Jul 4, 2013 #1

    FeDeX_LaTeX

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    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Find the volume of the region bounded by the elliptic paraboloid [tex]z = 4 - x^2 - \frac{1}{4}y^2[/tex] and the plane z = 0.

    2. Relevant equations
    -


    3. The attempt at a solution
    I'm not really sure where to start with this. This is how they've set it up:

    [tex]4 \int_{0}^{2} \int_{0}^{2 \sqrt{4 - x^2}} \left( 4 - x^2 - \frac{1}{4}y^2 \right) dy dx[/tex]

    Looking at the graph hasn't helped me understand how they got this. How did they set the integral up in this way?

    I can see that they've got that upper limit of 2*sqrt(4 - x^2) by letting z = 0 and finding y in terms of x. But I haven't the faintest idea why they're integrating from 0 to 2 next, nor why they are multiplying the whole thing by 4... any help?

    I would guess that the multiplying by 4 is due to the symmetry of the surface, but I don't understand anything else.
     
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  3. Jul 4, 2013 #2

    SteamKing

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    The 4 in front of the double integral tells you that the integral itself covers one quadrant of the total volume.

    You are given a function f(x,y) = z and are told to find the volume occupied between the plane z = 0 (which is the x-y plane) and f(x,y) = 0. This is analogous in 2-D geometry to finding the area under a parabola y = x^2 and y = 0 between two values of x.

    The problem has been pre-digested for your convenience. All you have to do is turn the crank on evaluating the double integral.

    To find the range of x values for the elliptic paraboloid, set y and z = 0 and solve for x.

    As always, a sketch can illuminate greatly.

    The problem has been pre-digested for your convenience. All you have to dois turn the crank on evaluating the double integral.
     
    Last edited: Jul 4, 2013
  4. Jul 4, 2013 #3

    FeDeX_LaTeX

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    Ah that makes a lot more sense, thanks!
     
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