# Double Integral problem

## Homework Statement

Find the volume under the surface z = y(x+2) and over the area bounded by y+x = 1, y = 1 and y = sqrt(x)

## The Attempt at a Solution

Based on the geometry of the bounds, I broke this integral into two parts. I first found the intersection of the sqrt(x) and y = 1-x. This is at x = $\dfrac {1} {2}\left( 3-\sqrt {5}\right)$

$$\int _{x=0}^{x=\dfrac {1} {2}\left( 3-\sqrt {5}\right) }\int _{y=1-x}^{y=1}y\left( x+2\right) dydx$$

and my second integral is this:

$$\int _{x=\dfrac {1} {2}\left( 3-\sqrt {5}\right) }^{x=1}\int _{y=\sqrt {x}}^{y=1}y\left( x+2\right) dydx$$

However when I solve this integral, I don't get the correct answer (which should be 9/8 according to the solution).

Where am I going wrong?

Thanks!

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STEMucator
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By plotting the region it looks like you should be using four double integrals.

Last edited:
Ray Vickson
Homework Helper
Dearly Missed

## Homework Statement

Find the volume under the surface z = y(x+2) and over the area bounded by y+x = 1, y = 1 and y = sqrt(x)

## The Attempt at a Solution

Based on the geometry of the bounds, I broke this integral into two parts. I first found the intersection of the sqrt(x) and y = 1-x. This is at x = $\dfrac {1} {2}\left( 3-\sqrt {5}\right)$

$$\int _{x=0}^{x=\dfrac {1} {2}\left( 3-\sqrt {5}\right) }\int _{y=1-x}^{y=1}y\left( x+2\right) dydx$$

and my second integral is this:

$$\int _{x=\dfrac {1} {2}\left( 3-\sqrt {5}\right) }^{x=1}\int _{y=\sqrt {x}}^{y=1}y\left( x+2\right) dydx$$

However when I solve this integral, I don't get the correct answer (which should be 9/8 according to the solution).

Where am I going wrong?

Thanks!
I assume you want to bound the volume below by the plane z = 0.

What was your final answer? I do not get the value 9/8, either. In fact, since 9/8 > 1 it cannot be the correct answer, for even getting a crude upper bound gives an answer < 1. Below, let
$$a = \frac{3}{2}-\frac{\sqrt{5}}{2} \doteq 0.381966012$$
be x-value of the intersection between the square root and the slanted line.

The base of the first integral is the right-triangle with sides ##a## and ##a##, so has area ##A_1 = a^2/2 \doteq 0.07294901715.## A simple upper bound on ##z## is ##z \leq 3## for all feasible ##x,y##, so the first integral, ##I_1##, has the simple upper bound ##I_1 \leq U_1 = 3 A_1 \doteq 0.2188470514##.

The base of the second integral is a "triangle" with a curved hypotenuse, so has area less than a true triangle with the same base and height; that is we have:
$$\text{area}_2 < A_2 \equiv a (1-a)/2 \doteq 0.1180339888$$
Thus, an upper bound on the second integral, ##I_2##, is ##I_2 \leq U_2 = 3A_2 \doteq 0.3541019664##. An upper bound on the whole double integral is ##U = U_1 + U_2 \doteq 0.5729490180.## This is a lot smaller than the claimed value of 9/8 = 1.125.

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LCKurtz
Homework Helper
Gold Member
Also, I would point out that, given the shape of that region, a dxdy order of integration allows setting up only one double integral.

@Zondrina: I don't think there are 4 double integrals because this area is bounded by y = 1 and comes to a point at the intersection of y = 1 - x and y = sqrt(x)

@Ray Vickson: yeah I get a number much smaller than 1. I calculated the integrals on wolfram alpha and I ended up getting something like .38

@LCKurtz: I'm not sure I understand what you mean. Care to explain more?

LCKurtz
Homework Helper
Gold Member
Also, I would point out that, given the shape of that region, a dxdy order of integration allows setting up only one double integral.
@LCKurtz: I'm not sure I understand what you mean. Care to explain more?

I mean put the proper limits on$$\iint y(x+2)~dxdy$$Just one double integral is necessary.

STEMucator
Homework Helper
@Zondrina: I don't think there are 4 double integrals because this area is bounded by y = 1 and comes to a point at the intersection of y = 1 - x and y = sqrt(x)
Yes I didn't notice this when I was sleepy. The region looks like it's divided up into three pieces, not four (somehow my brain convinced me there was a line at ##x=1## last night); The left triangle like piece, the upper triangular like piece and the bottom piece.

The limits for ##x## appear to be different in each region, as are the limits for ##y##. If I'm seeing this now, it looks like you would need five integrals. Not quite sure how you would do this with just one integral.

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Ray Vickson
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Dearly Missed
@Zondrina: I don't think there are 4 double integrals because this area is bounded by y = 1 and comes to a point at the intersection of y = 1 - x and y = sqrt(x)

@Ray Vickson: yeah I get a number much smaller than 1. I calculated the integrals on wolfram alpha and I ended up getting something like .38

@LCKurtz: I'm not sure I understand what you mean. Care to explain more?
Intuitively, you have chosen to split up the base area into thin vertical slices parallel to the y-axis. Essentially, the suggestion of LCKurtz is that you split it up instead into thin horizontal slices parallel to the x-axis.

LCKurtz
Homework Helper
Gold Member
Yes I didn't notice this when I was sleepy. The region looks like it's divided up into three pieces, not four (somehow my brain convinced me there was a line at ##x=1## last night); The left triangle like piece, the upper triangular like piece and the bottom piece.

The limits for ##x## appear to be different in each region, as are the limits for ##y##. If I'm seeing this now, it looks like you would need five integrals. Not quite sure how you would do this with just one integral. @Zondrina: The only region that is described in the original post is the upper one, and it takes one double integral if done as a dxdy integral.

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STEMucator
Homework Helper
I see all the lines only have one region where they all form a closed boundary.

Thank you for clarifying that.

Last edited:
Hey, thanks so much! Makes sense now.

Thanks!

Ray Vickson