Drude formula

  1. I can't derive it properly even though it should be easy:
    From Newtons 2nd law:

    m dv/dt = -eE


    v(t) = -meEt + v(0) (the latter will average out when taking average)

    Now the Drude assumption: An electron will on average travel a time τ before being scattered and starting its motion in the direction of E all over.

    Thus this means, I think, that on average an electron will travel with a velocity equal to
    <v> = -meEτ/2

    And one can then multiply by electron density to get the Drude formula. Problem is the conductivity should not have the factor ½. Am I not right in thinking that the electron on average will travel at the velocit given above.
  2. jcsd
  3. yes, this is an error is the drude formula. I found it many years back too. Apparently it's well known. Ctrl-F error on the wiki article

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