(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

We have a body V1, which is in contact over body V2 over a flat (i.e. planar) surface S. (The planar approximation can be considered a good one). Body V1 is moving, V2 is stationary.

A normal forceFexists between the bodies at surface S, acting in point P. This force acts along the unit normal vectorN.

The body V1 is moving with a body velocityV.

Q: What is the dynamic friction force between V1 and V2?

I think I found the solution, but I'd like a double check. Or a rebuttal with correct answer...

2. Relevant equations

F_{friction}= mu*F, acting opposed to the relative motion of the surfaces in contact.

3. The attempt at a solution

1. We find the relative speed in the plane S.

As follows:

N= unit normal surface vector in P.

V= body velocity in point P.

U= orthonormal projection ofVon plane S.I think this is the speed the surfaces slide over each other. Is this correct?

U=V- (VdotN)N

2. The components ofUhave dimension [m/s], but as the friction force is independent of speed, we need to normalise vectorU. I.e. we only need to know which directionUhas.

U_=U/norm(U) = [U_x,U_y,U_z]

3. The components of the friction force now become

F_{friction,x}= mu*|F|*U_x

F_{friction,y}= mu*|F|*U_y

F_{friction,z}= mu*|F|*U_z

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# Homework Help: Dynamic Friction between surfaces

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