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E-e Repulsion

  1. Jan 26, 2016 #1
    I am fully aware that a half filled p sub-shell is stable due to no repulsion as electrons first occupy the orbitals singly before pairing up according to Hunds rule, why is that however a fully occupied p sub-shell with 6 electrons is also considered stable? Where as a filled s sub-shell with 2 electrons is said to undergo e-e repulsion, hence the I.E value of He is less than that of Hydrogen's I.E by a factor of 2 (90% to be exact).

    In short: Why is a full p sub-shell with 6 electrons not said to undergo e-e repulsion (considered stable), whereas a full s sub-shell with 2 electrons is said to undergo e-e repulsion (unstable).
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 26, 2016 #2
    The ionization energy of Helium is a little less than twice that of atomic hydrogen, i.e. helium is more inert than atomic hydrogen.
    See the table of values here.
     
  4. Jan 26, 2016 #3
    Doesn't it have to do with e-e repulsion?
     
  5. Jan 26, 2016 #4
    Does what have to do with electron-electron repulsion? You said that helium has a lower ionization energy than helium, which is not the case. Similarly you are talking about p sub-shells but only referring to hydrogen and helium, which only have half and fully filled 1s sub-shells respectively.
     
  6. Jan 26, 2016 #5
    My main question is why is a full p sub-shell considered stable, whereas a full s sub-shell considered unstable and its electrons undergo e-e repulsion?
     
  7. Jan 27, 2016 #6

    blue_leaf77

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    Each electron in a multi-electron atom will of course experience e-e repulsion regardless of which subshell the electron under consideration occupies.
    What is the measure of stability/instability you are using, I.E.? Ionization energy is not only determined by the number of electrons present in the atom, but also by the nuclear charge.
     
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