1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data Most geologists believe that the dinosaurs became extinct 65 million years ago when a large comet or asteroid struck the earth, throwing up so much dust that the sun was blocked out for a period of many months. Suppose an asteroid with a diameter of 2.0km and a mass of 1.3*10^13 kg hits the earth with an impact speed of 4.2*10^4 m/s. a) What is the earth's recoil speed after such a collision? (Use a reference frame in which the earth was initially at rest.) b) What percentage is this of the earth's speed around the sun? 2. Relevant equations I used the law of conservation of momentum (Pf = Pi) This states that the total momentum after an interaction is equal to the total momentum before the interaction. 3. The attempt at a solution a) Using Pf=Pi, I solved for the final velocity, which is the same for both the earth and the asteroid, and got 668.896 m/s. (The final velocity is the earth's recoil speed) b) NOW for this part, I got from my textbook that the "earth's mean distance from sun (m) = 1.50*10^11 m. Also, I got that the earth's period (years) = 1.00 years Using these, I found the speed to be 4756.468798 m/s by converting years to seconds and dividing the two numbers (to get m/s) Then, (668.896m/s / 4756.4688798m/s) * 100% = 14% Did I do this correctly? Did I use the correct numbers from my textbook to get the speed? Please help!