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Efficency Question Help

  1. May 6, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Calculate the efficiency of a system that uses a falling mass to move a box along the desk.
    Given (helps to see picture):
    Weight of (sliding) box = 164g
    Weight of (falling) mass = 200g
    Distance of board (platform) = 88cm
    Time (avg) = 6s
    (anything missing? I can get it, just point it out [its a lab])

    2. Relevant equations
    Efficiency = (energy output/energy input) x 100%

    3. The attempt at a solution
    Ei = mad
    = (0.2kg)(9.8kg/N)(0.88m)
    = 1.7J
    Eo= mgh
    = (0.164kg)(9.8kg/N)(0.88m)
    = 1.4J
    E% = (Eo/Ei) x 100%
    = (1.4J/1.7J) x 100%
    = 82%

    Picture I made:

    (cant post links)

    Any input to anything would be very helpful, and thanks for your time.
  2. jcsd
  3. May 6, 2008 #2
    You need to know friction. Without friction, the efficiency is 100%.

    UPDATE: No, never mind. That's wrong. What you have is right, except that the formulas for Ei and Eo are reversed. (but friction will decrease the efficiency)
    Last edited: May 6, 2008
  4. May 7, 2008 #3
    well this problem sort of seems to be solved wrong because of the simple fact the effeciency of the system is merely a factor of [itex]\frac{E_i}{E_o}[/itex] By your calculations, if you go to see, acceleration, the distance moved all cancel out and hence the effeciency is given by the ratios of the two masses. Hence, by just adjusting the masses of the two systems, you can raise the effeciency of the system to more than 100%.

    although i am not sure how this contradiction occurs, and the formula which is W = Fd seems to be used rightly.. the loss in the GPE of the falling mass MUST equal the kinetic energy acquired by the moving mass.
  5. May 7, 2008 #4


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    Homework Helper

    Hi UnnamedOne,

    I think you have a problem with a value here. (Your units of kg/N need to be N/kg.) Using 9.8 N/kg is correct for the g in the energy input mgh; however, 9.8 is not correct for the acceleration of the sliding mass. It will always be less than 9.8 (even if there is no friction).

    That's why the efficiency here will always be less than 100% even if there is no friction; gravity is doing work on both blocks, but you only want to find the fraction of gravity's work that is going to the sliding block. (Using [itex]mad[/itex] for the energy output would include frictional heating as part of the energy output.)
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