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## Homework Statement

I am solving a Hamiltonian including a term \begin{equation}(x\cdot S)^2\end{equation}

## Homework Equations

The Hamiltonian is like this form:

\begin{equation}

H=L\cdot S+(x\cdot S)^2

\end{equation}

where

**L**is angular momentum operator and

**S**is spin operator. The eigenvalue for \begin{equation}L^2 , S^2\end{equation} are \begin{equation}l(l+1), s(s+1)\end{equation}

## The Attempt at a Solution

If the Hamiltonian only has the first term, it is just spin orbital coupling and it is easy to solve. The total

**J**=

**L**+

**S**,

**L**

^{2}and

**S**

^{2}are quantum number. However, when we consider the second term \begin{equation}(x\cdot S)^2\end{equation}, it becomes much harder. The total

**J**is still a quantum number. We have \begin{equation}[(x\cdot S)^2, J]=0\end{equation}. However, \begin{equation}[(x\cdot S)^2,L^2]≠0\end{equation}

The

**L**is no long a quantum number anymore.

Anybody have ideas on how to solve this Hamiltonian?