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## Homework Statement

[Math. for Physicists, M. Stone Problem 1.4]

Assume that a rod of length L is only slightly bent into the yz plane and lies close to the z axis, show that the elastic energy can be approximated as

[tex]U[y]= \int_{0}^{L} \frac{1}{2}YI(y'')^2 dz[/tex]

## Homework Equations

It is given that the elastic energy per unit length of a bent rod , [tex]u=\frac{1}{2}YI/R^{2}[/tex]

R is the radius of curvature due to the bending, Y is the Young's modulus of the steel and I is the moment of inertia of the rod's cross section about an axis through its centroid and

perpendicular to the plane in which the rod is bent.

## The Attempt at a Solution

I don't quite get the picture.

Does it mean that each infinitesimal piece is a segment of a circle R with a different center? Or should I consider the whole bent rod as a segment of a circle of radius R?

But still the infinitesimal rod length should be [tex]\sqrt{1+(y')^2} dz[/tex], so how can I get [tex]y''^2 [/tex]?

Thank you very much!