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Electric energy density

  1. Nov 27, 2016 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Calculate the electric energy density at the surface of a 3.4 mm diameter copper wire carrying a 28 A current.

    2. Relevant equations
    u = (1/2) ε0 E2

    3. The attempt at a solution
    With the electric energy density equation, I substituted in the equation for the electric field for an infinite line charge:

    u = (1/2) ε0 ( λ/ (ε0 2 π r ))2

    I have all the information except for the charge density, λ. I know that it's a copper wire, but how can I find what λ is with that information?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 27, 2016 #2

    TSny

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    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    I think that you are supposed to assume that the electric field at the surface of the wire is the same as the electric field inside the wire. The electric field inside the wire pushes the electrons through the copper.

    Can you determine E inside the wire from the current, the diameter of the wire, and the properties of copper?
     
    Last edited: Nov 27, 2016
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