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Electric field problem

  1. May 4, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    An electron is accelerated from rest across a set of parallel plates that have a potential difference of 150V and are separated by 0.80 cm.

    a) Determine the kinetic energy of the electron after it crosses the plates


    2. Relevant equations
    N/C = J/C/d


    3. The attempt at a solution
    +++++++++++++++++ delta => {(150 V), (0.8 cm)}

    e (going up)
    ----------------------

    150 J/C / (0.8 cm * 1 m / 100 cm) = 18750 N/C

    So at the start it has about 18750 N/C * e of potential energy, all which transfers to kinetic energy at the end, meaning it has 18750 N/C * e of kinetic energy at the end point

    18750 N/C * 1.6 * 10^-19 C

    and I get an answer of 3e-15 J.

    However, the book lists 2.4 * 10^-17 J. What did I do wrong?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. May 4, 2013 #2

    SammyS

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    That should be N/C = J/C/m

    A quantity with units of N/C time a quantity with units of charge, gives a quantity with units of N, i.e. a Force, not energy.

     
  4. May 4, 2013 #3
    Thank you for your help. I can't believe I didn't notice that. I guess it's time for a break! :P
     
  5. May 4, 2013 #4

    SammyS

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    Yes.

    An object of charge, Q, when accelerated through a potential difference of X Volts, will gain (Q times X) Joules of Kinetic Energy.
     
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