# Electric Potential

Griffith's EM Problem 3.26
A sphere of radius R centered at the origin carries a cahrge density
$$\rho(r,\theta) = k \frac{R}{r^2} (R - 2r) \sin \theta$$

where k is constant and r and theta are teh usual spherical coordinates. Find teh approximate potentail for the points on the z axis, far from the sphere

i know ican do this with Laplace's equation but i wnana do it with the multipole expansion formula

$$V(\vec r) = \frac{1}{2 \pi \epsilon_{0}} \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{r^{n+1}} \int (r')^n P_{n} (\cos \theta') \rho (r') d\tau'$$

$$kR \int_{0}^{R} (r')^n \frac{R-2r'}{r'^2} r'^2 dr' \int_{0}^{2\pi} P_{n} (\cos \theta) \sin^2 \theta d\theta \int_{0}^{\pi} \phi$$

after some integration i found that the integral with respect to theta for
n =2 is -pi/8 dipole term
n = 4 = -pi/64 quadropole term

for n = 1, 3, and 5 is zero
so we end up with
$$\pi kR \frac{1 \pi}{8} \int_{0}^{R} (r')^n \frac{R-2r'}{r^2} r^2 dr$$

$$\pi kR \frac{1 \pi}{8} \left[ \frac{-R(R)^{n+1}}{n+1} + \frac{2 R^{n+2}}{n+2} \right]$$

now looking at hte sum intself

we consider only n = 2 since others are too small
$$\frac{-1 \pi^2}{8} \frac{KR^{n+3}}{r^{n+1}} \left( \frac{1}{n+1} - \frac{2}{n+2} \right)$$

$$\frac{kR^5}{r^3} \pi^2 \frac{1}{48}$$

is this fine?

should the answer include both dipole and quadropole terms?? Since this a sphere it makes sense to have that.

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OlderDan
Your integration limits for $$\phi$$ and $$\theta$$ should be switched.