# Electromagnetism- Biot-Savart

1. Jun 26, 2009

### sebb1e

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

A square loop of wire C, with side length 2a lies in a plane P and carries a steady electic current I. By using the Biot-Savart law show that the magnetic field B(r) at any point r in P but not in C is perpendicular to the plane P.

Calculate the magnetic field at the centre of the wire.

3. The attempt at a solution

Dotting with a would seem the normal way to do the first bit but I don't think this works so I think it must be to do with the vector product always being 0.

I don't recall ever being taught how to calculate a line integral with a vector product inside it so really not sure where to begin. I expect there is a way to use symmetry to simpliify it.

If my guess is correct then the component of one side of the square (x=a) is going to be (assuming centre is origin):

(u*I/4pi)*(0,0, Integral -a and a of (a/((a^2+(y')^2)^3/2)dy')

I think all 4 sides can be summed to make it 4 times that. I don't really have any idea what I'm doing though so if someone could explain it would be appreciated.

2. Jun 26, 2009

### LiorE

There is nothing to calculate. Since the law says that: $$\vec{dB} = C\vec{dl} \times \hat{r}$$, where C is a constant that contains all the relevant factors, we can see that dB will always be perpnedicular to both dl and r. In this case they both lie on the plane P, so dB is always normal to P.

3. Jun 26, 2009

### sebb1e

Thanks a lot, what about calculating the magnetic field at the centre?

4. Jun 27, 2009

### ideasrule

Yes, that's exactly how you calculate the field at the center. Why do you suspect it isn't correct?

5. Jun 27, 2009

### sebb1e

No reason, just never been directly taught how to do an integral of this form, this just seemed the logical thing to do. Frustrating as this was an exam question last week and I didn't bother to try it as assumed I wouldn't be able to :(