# Electron in finite square well

• greisen
In summary, the ground state energy of a system of seven electrons trapped in a one dimensional infinite square well of length L is 22 times the given term h2 / 8mL2.
greisen
Hey,

An electron is in a finite square well of 1 Å so the question is to find the values of the well's depth V0 that have exactly two state ?

How to proceed with this - finding the eigenvalues En = \hbar^2\pi^2 / 2ma^2

greisen said:
Hey,

An electron is in a finite square well of 1 Å so the question is to find the values of the well's depth V0 that have exactly two state ?

How to proceed with this - finding the eigenvalues En = \hbar^2\pi^2 / 2ma^2

I think you will find all you need here

http://musr.physics.ubc.ca/~jess/p200/sq_well/sq_well.html

Last edited by a moderator:
hmmm - I have read the notes and they make some things more clear but I don't get how I can deduce V0 knowing that there should be exactly two steady states without En = Pi^2 hbar^2 n^2 /(2*m*a^2)

Could one be a little more specific, please.

greisen said:
hmmm - I have read the notes and they make some things more clear but I don't get how I can deduce V0 knowing that there should be exactly two steady states without En = Pi^2 hbar^2 n^2 /(2*m*a^2)

Could one be a little more specific, please.
As the notes say, there is always at least one bound state (I assume we are talking bound states here, since there are always infinitely many states). The well must be deep enough for there to be a second bound state, but not deep enough for three. The notes make reference to a transcendental equation for E that must be solved graphically. I think you need to work with that.

Hey,

I plot three equations than, a straight line k/k0 and a sinusoidal where I disregard the areas not allowed by the tan-function. I get a lot of intersections of k - than how to convert these to energies of V0 ?

Hope it is okay I ask again - thanks

greisen said:
Hey,

I plot three equations than, a straight line k/k0 and a sinusoidal where I disregard the areas not allowed by the tan-function. I get a lot of intersections of k - than how to convert these to energies of V0 ?

Hope it is okay I ask again - thanks
In the notes after equation 11 there is a conversion to express things in terms of the dimensionless quantities defined as θ and θo. You can graph both sides of the resulting equation as a function of θ using different values of θo. For the LHS, graph both the +tanθ curve and the -cotθ curve. For very small θo there will be only one intersection of the RHS with the tanθ curve. If you make θo somewhat larger, the RHS curve will intersect the -cotθ curve at the horizontal axis. This is the onset of the second bound state. Increasing θo further will make the RHS curve intesect the tanθ curve again at the zero of the next positive tanθ cycle. That is the onset of the third bound state. These two larger values of θo define the limits of Vo that will give two and only two bound states. If you continue to increase θo you will get more and more intersections corresponding to an increasing number of bound states.

Last edited:
hi.
Homework Statement
Seven electrons are trapped in a one dimensional infinite square well of length L. What is the ground state energy of this system as a multiple of h2 / 8mL2?

2. Homework Equations
Energy of a single electron in state n is n2h2 / 8mL2

3. The Attempt at a Solution
Pauli exclusion principle says all 7 must have different quantum numbers.
starting from n = 1, we have L = 0 and mL = 0, and ms = -1/2 and 1/2, so there are two electrons in n = 1.
For n = 2, we have two electrons for L = 0
for L = 1, we have mL = -1, 0, 1, which means this subshell can hold 6 electrons. The remaining 3 electrons go into this subshell then.

Final tally: 2 electrons for n = 1 and 5 electrons for n = 2.

Total energy as a multiple of the given term then = 2*1^2 + 5*2^2 = 22.

## 1. What is a finite square well?

A finite square well is a potential energy barrier that is used to model the behavior of an electron in a confined space. It is a potential energy function that is finite within a certain region and zero outside of that region.

## 2. How does an electron behave in a finite square well?

In a finite square well, an electron can either be trapped within the well or have a probability of tunneling through the well. The behavior of the electron is determined by the depth and width of the well and the energy of the electron.

## 3. What is the significance of a finite square well in quantum mechanics?

The finite square well is a fundamental concept in quantum mechanics as it allows for the study of confined systems and the behavior of particles in potential energy barriers. It is also used to explain phenomena such as energy levels and tunneling.

## 4. How is the energy of an electron in a finite square well calculated?

The energy of an electron in a finite square well is calculated using the Schrodinger equation, which is a fundamental equation in quantum mechanics. The solution to this equation gives the energy levels of the electron in the well.

## 5. What are some real-life applications of the concept of a finite square well?

The concept of a finite square well has many applications in various fields such as physics, chemistry, and engineering. It is used in the design of electronic devices, such as quantum wells in transistors, and in understanding the properties of materials, such as semiconductors. It also has applications in nuclear physics, where it is used to model the behavior of particles in a nuclear potential well.

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