# Emitter follower bias current

1. Jun 27, 2011

### nylonman

Hi, I'm reading The Art Of Electronics and I saw this in the emitter followers section:

"Warning:
You must always provide a dc path for base bias current, even if it goes only to ground.... if the signal is capacitively coupled, you must provide a resistor to ground (Fig. 2.18)."

Here is the figure: http://imageshack.us/photo/my-images/38/figurep.png/

Could someone explain me why the resistor RB is needed?

Any help will be appreciated!

2. Jun 27, 2011

### Averagesupernova

If it were missing where would the current path be for the bias current?

3. Jun 27, 2011

### nylonman

ok, I see it, it was simpler than I thought. Thanks!

4. Jun 27, 2011

### vk6kro

That circuit is used rarely because it generates a lot of distortion. To avoid this, a base bias resistor is usually placed between the +ve supply voltage and the base.

However, if you did use this circuit, and omitted the resistor to ground, then the capacitor would charge up on the first few cycles of input (via the base-emitter junction) and the base would have a negative voltage on it of about the peak value of the input signal.

This would bias the transistor off and there would be no output.

Using the resistor allows the capacitor to partly discharge between cycles of input and base current would flow on input voltage peaks.

The output will be very distorted and this is sometimes used in frequency multiplier circuits.

5. Jun 27, 2011

### nylonman

ok, so in other words you are saying that we need the resistor in order to discharge the capacitor since the transistor emitter allows the current to flow only in one direction, right?

6. Jun 27, 2011

### vk6kro

Yes, the base emitter junction acts like any other diode and charges up the capacitor to the peak value of the input signal. After that, the transistor cannot be driven into base current, so there is no output.