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Energy conservation problem(?)

  1. Feb 23, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    The problem

    A basketball player 2.00m in height throws the ball at a 40degree angle 10.0m from the basketball post and manages to get the ball through the net without it touching the backboard. If the height of the net is 3.05m from the ground, what is the initial speed of the ball?


    2. Relevant equations

    (PE+KE)initial = (PE+KE)final
    PE = mgh, KE = (1/2)mv2
    W = (Fcosθ)Δx , θ is the angle between the directions F and Δx

    3. The attempt at a solution
    What I tried:

    (PE+KE)initial = (PE+KE)final
    set y=0 at the position the ball was thrown
    0 + .5vi2 = gh + .5vf2
    -> .5vi2 = 9.80m/s2*1.05m + .5vf2

    I have no idea how it should be handled from here and this is all the information that was given...
     
    Last edited: Feb 23, 2009
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 23, 2009 #2

    berkeman

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    Welcome to the PF. I don't think that using the energy equations is the easiest way to do this problem. This is pretty much a straightforward application of the kinematic equations of motion. Start with the kinematic equations:

    y(t) = y(0) + _____ + _____ (fill in the starting equations)

    x(t) = x(0) + ______ (there are on ly two terms here -- why?)

    Vy(t) =

    Vx(t) =

    And write the acceleration formulas for x and y..

    Then the usual way to solve this type of problem is use the x(t) and Vx(t) information to solve for the time it takes for the ball to reach the hoop, and use that time answer to finish solving the problem.

    In the case of this question, you may end up with a couple simultaneous equations (some in x, some in y) that you solve together to get the initial velocity of the ball.

    Give it a go with the standard equations. If you have trouble still, post your work here for folks to try to help you out.
     
  4. Feb 23, 2009 #3
    Use y(t) = -4.9t2+v0t+y0
    and x(t) = v0t+x0?
    Thanks! I'd completely forgotten about that formula:)
     
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