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Energy conumption during accel, cruise and decel of a car

  1. Sep 12, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A car with a mass of 1100 kg accelerates from 0 to 8,33 m/s in 15 s than cruises at 8,33 m/s in 20 s, it than decelerates to 0 in 15 s. It has 20% regenerative braking ability Cda of 0,4 and the coefficient of rolling resistance for the tires is 0,03. How much energy did it consume?


    2. Relevant equations
    Kinetic energy (J/s) = 0,5 * mass * 9,82 * velocity squared
    Consumption during cruise = Air resistance + rolling resistance
    Consumption during acceleration (J/s) = cruise consumption at starting speed + difference in kinetic energy / accelerating time
    Rolling resistance = coefficient of rolling resistance * mass * 9,82
    Air resistance = 0,5 * CdA *1,2 * velocity squared




    3. The attempt at a solution
    0 to 8,33 = 29484,63 J/s or 374769,45 J total
    8,33 cruise = 340,71 J/s or 6814,27 J total
    8,33 to 0 = -74953,89 J total

    which gives 306629,83 J consumed. Do you guys see a problem somewhere?
    It´s not a homework but it is connected with school so I´m sorry if it is in the wrong section, thanks!
     
  2. jcsd
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