# Homework Help: Energy Level notation in relation to the Zeeman Effect

1. Jan 13, 2010

### Kris2456

I am doing an Atomic & Molecular physics course in Germany as part of my year abroad. A notation that is used in this course to denote energy levels is in the form below. I cannot find a good explanation of how it works, (and this may sound stupid) but i cannot find a mention of it in the notes as it was used outright, and has not been named so i am not sure what to look for.

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/HBASE/Nuclear/nstate.html" [Broken]

However the form used here is eg. NxPJ
The number x is unclear, but in all the questions it has 3 for P orbitals, and 4 for D orbitals.
Can anyone clarify this notation for me, the notes being in German does not help

The questions on the sheet are about the Zeeman Effect, and one of the things we have to do is calculate the Lande g-factor for the ground state of Magnesium and Boron. My assumption is that (in the aformentioned notation) magnesium is 32S0.5

I initially thought that J should be 0, since Mg has an S sub shell with 2 electrons, so it's total spin should be 0.5 + (-0.5) = 0, and L is also 0. Apparently in this case it is 0.5 i read somewhere, why is this?

However later on the state 3P0 is mentioned, asking how many "components" it would split into in a magnetic field. This time the initial N value is not used, so I am getting really confused.

I have a feeling that the answer is probably quite simple, but the combination of QM (which i am not great at) and the German is making this a big stumbling block.

Last edited by a moderator: May 4, 2017