Hello, I am a 40 year old Computer Scientist by education and profession. Education in general is my hobby. I am currently listening to a lecture on quantum mechanics: The Teaching Company's Quantum Mechanics Physics of the Microscopic World. Very good. So please excuse my nievity and ignorance in advance. I have not her taken a formal course in physics in high school or college but I have listened to many lectures. Finally, my questions: Particle entanglement: first: how is the relationship between two entangled particles formed initally? How is that relationship maintained even over very large distances. The second and more pressing question is regarding the spin states of particles: there is four spin states for two entangled particles: A, B, C and D. My question is how does a single particle have two spin states? How can a particle spin both south and north at the same time? Wouldn't that be like the earth spinning both east and north at the same time? Thanks in advance to anyone that answers my stupid questions. I again apologize for my ignorance but we all have to start someplace. PS: (To admin, if any viewing) posting from mobile phone and mobile sites page entirely shifts left when subject line is longer than two words...thus the incomplete subject description. Which then made posting impossible. And when I tried pasting from my notepad it only pasted three words?