# Entropy change homework

Now then, a past paper question worth 3 marks.

What is the entropy change of a working substance taken around 1) a completely reversible closed cycle and 2) a closed cycle containing irreversible steps? Explain your reasoning.

Now this question has me a tad confused. I think that for part 1 the entropy change is zero. My reasoning was that if you take the substance along some reversible path, say from 1 to 2, giving an entropy change of ds(1 to 2) then to go back along would give an entropy change of -ds(1 to 2). If that make sense.

For part 2, i think ds could be > 0 or < 0. My reasoning is that the entropy change for the 'universe' must be > 0 but that the change in entropy for the working substance could be positive or negative, as long as the entropy change of the system + surroundings is > 0 .
Hope thats clear.
Any ideas?
Thanks

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Mapes
Homework Helper
Gold Member
Think "state variable."

I know its a state variable, hence my reasoning for part 1).
Im not sure what your hinting at to be honest. Part 2) has me confused, mainly due to the fact its talking about the working subtance itself, and not a 'system', and how to reason for part 2).

Mapes
Homework Helper
Gold Member
So does the working substance return to its original state in part 2?

Iv made this question sound more complicated than it really is, havent I?!
Since its a closed cycle i presume there is no net change in the working substance after the cycle, and therefore the entropy change in the substance is zero?

Mapes