# Entropy Generation

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1. Jan 9, 2016

### albertov123

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Air at 100 kPa, 300 K is to be delivered to a pipeline at 500 kPa, 500 K. The scheme involves reversible adiabatic compression of the air and then internally reversible isobaric heating. Assume that, heat is exchanged with a reservoir at 600 K.

Determine the work and entropy generation.

2. Relevant equations

v = RT/P

3. The attempt at a solution

• For the reversible adiabatic compression part. (Between 1-2)
I have found both the work and the entropy generation.
• For the internally reversible isobaric heating (Between 2-3)
I have found boundary work from PdV but i'm not clear on how to find the entropy generation for this heating process.

2. Jan 9, 2016

### Staff: Mentor

I'm interested in what you got for the entropy change in the adiabatic reversible compression. Do you know the general equation for the entropy change of an ideal gas between two thermodynamic equilibrium states? Please show your work for step 2 also.

Chet

3. Jan 9, 2016

### albertov123

• For the reversible adiabatic compression part. (Between 1-2)
v1 = 0.861 m3/kg

From T2/T1 = (P2/P1)(k-1)/k

T2 = 475.15 K

- W = U = cv (T2-T1) W = - 126 kJ

Reversible adiabatic means isentropic. Sgen = 0

• For the internally reversible isobaric heating (Between 2-3)
W = PdV = 500 kPa . (v3-v2)

From v=RT/P

v2 = 0.273 m3/kg

v3 = 0.287 m3/kg

W = 7 kJ

q - w = ΔH = cp (T3-T2)

q = 32 kJ/kg

Sgen = cpln(T3/T2) - Q/T

This leads me to negative entropy generation. So, I must be making some wrong turns on the way.

4. Jan 9, 2016

### Staff: Mentor

The final temperature at the end of step 1 (according to your calculations) is 475 K. The final temperature at the end of step 2 is 500K. So the entropy change of the system is Cp ln(500/475). What is the amount of heat removed from the reservoir is step 2? I get Cp (500-475).

5. Jan 9, 2016

### albertov123

From q - w = ΔH = cp (T3-T2)
I get q = 32 kJ/kg

sgen = Δs - q/T = 0,052 - 32 kJ / 600 K = 0.052 - 0.053 = - 0.01

Edit: Why didn't you involve work in your first law equation? Isn't there some boundary work PdV also. That is why I get q = w + cp(500-475) = 7 + 25 = 32 kJ/kg

Last edited: Jan 9, 2016
6. Jan 9, 2016

### Staff: Mentor

It's q-w = ΔU, not ΔH. The constant pressure work w is included in ΔH=q=ΔU+w.

Try again. You almost have it. With this change, you will get your desired increase in entropy.

7. Jan 9, 2016

### albertov123

Oh, I see. That helped a lot. Thank you so much.