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Europa S8

  1. Dec 18, 2003 #1
    Anybody else heard of this facility?
    Apparently some really odd stuff is happening at Lake Vostok.
    http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/~mstuding/vostok.html
    http://www.antarctica.ac.uk/News_and_Information/Press_Releases/1998/19980317.html
    http://www.antarctica.ac.uk/News_and_Information/Press_Releases/2001/20011204.html
    “Dr Cynan Ellis-Evans of the British Antarctic Survey said: 'Solving the mystery of Lake Vostok is one of the great scientific prizes for Antarctic research and has generated enormous excitement and speculation. We think the microbes found so far are what you might call 'tourists' in the lake as they appear to be modern microbes, but we expect to find far more ancient micro-organisms in the deep lake water and the lake sediments.”

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/horizon/2000/vostok_diary.shtml
    “Mention Vostok at the American’s huge McMurdo base on the relatively warm Antarctic coast (summer population 3000+), and there’s much bemused head shaking. Vostok is regarded with a mixture of awe, fear and sometimes a little condescension.”

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/horizon/2000/vostok.shtml
    “Biologists believe that because the lake has been cut off from the rest of the planet for 15 million years or more - well before the human race evolved - microbial life in the lake could have quietly been evolving into strange and unique forms. It’s a uniquely hostile environment for life - permanently low temperatures, hundreds of atmospheres of pressure, and no light for photosynthesis. In fact, as NASA have realised, the conditions directly replicate those found on Europa - the icy moon of Jupiter. So finding microbial life in Lake Vostok has a greater significance, but what are the odds of finding life in a cold, dark world?”

    http://www.nsf.gov/od/lpa/news/02/fslakevostok.htm
    “Vostok Station is located in one of the world's most inaccessible places, near the South Geomagnetic Pole, at the center of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. The station is 3.5 kilometers (11,484 feet) above sea level. The coldest temperature ever recorded on Earth, -89.2 degree Celsius (-128.6 degrees Fahrenheit), was measured at Vostok Station on July 21, 1983.”

    More;
    http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/res/pi/vostok/
    http://science.msfc.nasa.gov/newhome/headlines/ast05mar98_1.htm
    http://www.resa.net/nasa/antarctica.htm
    http://astrobiology.arc.nasa.gov/stories/europa_vostok_0899.html
    Some unusual studies are happening;
    http://www.crrel.usace.army.mil/library/currentlits/currli50.html
    Jupiter’s moon, Europa;
    http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/ap980102.html
    Discussion from the Above Top Secret forum;
    http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/viewthread.php?tid=7913
    The Eltanin Antenna;
    http://www.unknowncountry.com/news/?id=648

    “Antarctica, USA and NCDXF beacons located at Lake Vostok – 1993
    4K1C/KC4AAE Vostok (CIS/USA Exch.) 78 28 S 106 48 E OB31 3 Oc 70 29 -0000
    4K1M Vostok 2 (CIS) 72 8 S 96 35 E NB87 3 Oc 69 29 –0000”
     
  2. jcsd
  3. May 26, 2004 #2
    Eukaryote genetics (S8 Update - May 2004)

    From;
    http://articles.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1272/is_2670_129/ai_72272574
    “During 2000, four C-141 flights were executed, one every other day starting on Aug. 21.

    Through the month of October, the U.S. Air Force brings in large transport airplanes (a C-5B, C-17s, and C-141s)to carry people, supplies, and scientific equipment to the two ice runways. Air Force C-141s continue to fly at various times throughout the summer season. Standard C-130s (flown by the Royal New Zealand Air Force) and wheel/ski-equipped LC-130s (flown by the New York Air National Guard 109th Airlift Wing) operate on a regular schedule from October through late February. The ice runways at McMurdo are not usable at the height of summer (mid December through mid January), when only the skiway (Williams Field) is able to be utilized.
    Normal summer-season LC-130 air transport and helicopter support were formerly provided by the U.S. Navy's VXE-6 Squadron. They gradually withdrew from the program, ceasing helicopter operations at McMurdo in February, 1995, and LC-130 large-transport airplane operations in February, 1999. The 109th Airlift Wing currently flies LC-130 airplanes between Christchurch, New Zealand, and McMurdo Station (2,300 miles), between McMurdo and the U.S. Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station (825 miles), and to and from the science field camps as necessary. USAP also leases two smaller wheel/ski-equipped Twin Otter airplanes and various-size helicopters to service its field camps. Pole, the second year-round U.S. station, is located at the geographic South Pole, the spin axis of the Earth, and has just a snow runway, so only ski-equipped airplanes can land there


    Currently, USAP funds projects in polar biology and medicine, astrophysics, upper atmospheric physics, atmospheric sciences, glaciology, oceanography, geology and geophysics, and environmental sciences. Some of the projects are large in scope and done with the involvement of international partners who supply funding, support, and scientific personnel.”
    Europa S8;
    http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/planetearth/extremophiles_lakevostok.html
    From;
    http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/~mstuding/vostok.html
    “JPL/NASA Europa/Lake Vostok Initiative
    The JPL/NASA site contains a space perspective on Lake Vostok.
    The JPl/NASA Europe/Vostok Initiative .”
    Click on link, and, you’ll probably get an error message (I printed off paper-form a few years ago);
    “Error
    FW-1 at superite: Unknown WWW server.”
    From;
    http://articles.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3159/is_5_221/ai_62707888
    “This project will likely be an ongoing battle between the forces of the "pristine"--represented by ASOC, and the scientific community--comprising NASA, Woods Hole, JPL Polar Oceanography Group, National Science Foundation and numerous other institutions throughout the world. Everyone wants to see Lake Vostok's pristine state preserved, but to leave it untouched--for its own sake--makes no sense, especially when there is so much potential for discovery. Let's hope the explorationists win this one.”
    The giant “Coke” can hypothesis (apparently something LIKE THIS occurred mid-January 2004);;
    http://articles.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0BFU/is_9_89/ai_111732930

    Eukaryote genetics is enacted through “The Lotus Protocol”, at Europa S8;

    http://dsc.discovery.com/news/briefs/20030818/vostok.html
    “It's also possible, though unlikely, that life in Vostok arose indigenously, an independent branch of Earth's family tree.”
     
  4. May 30, 2004 #3
    NASA, Biological Manipulation and Astronomy

    For the disbelievers, who keep saying NASA isn’t involved at Lake Vostok;

    An article from May 2000;
    http://articles.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3159/is_5_221/ai_62707888
    “NASA wants to use Lake Vostok as a test bed for future missions to Europa, the first of which is an orbiter scheduled for launch in 2003-2004, so its timetable is tight.”

    These type of “biological” laboratories “litter” Antarctica;
    From the previously posted March 2001 article;
    http://articles.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1272/is_2670_129/ai_72272574
    The research facilities there are quite staggering;
    “Each U.S. station has laboratory space in which scientists can analyze their field samples as data-gathering progresses. McMurdo Station’s Albert P. Crary Science and Engineering Center has a working area of 46,500 square feet, divided into five pods where various projects are assigned office and lab space. It is equipped with state-of-the-art scientific instruments, computers, workstations, and other necessities for the conduct of research.”

    And, from the same article, regarding one (of many) telescopes situated in Antarctica. This particular telescope made a discovery supporting Inflationary theory;
    “The BOOMERANG telescope measures fine structure of the cosmic microwave background (CMB), the radiation left over 300,000 years after the Big Bang, when atoms were first formed and the universe became transparent. Theoretical calculations based on the “Inflationary” theory of the universe show that the size of the “hot” and “cold” spots for a flat universe should be about one degree. If the universe is curved, then light would bend and distort, so that the size would be more (convergent) or less (divergent) than one degree. The telescope was incredibly sensitive, measuring temperature fluctuations in the CMB on the order of 0.0001 [degrees] Celsius. The experiment showed that the geometry of space-time is very nearly linear or flat, as opposed to being curved, consistent with Inflationary theory.”
     
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