How does it work? I'm kind of interested in schools outside of the US (I mean, why not?) and I've started looking at websites because I'm graduating this coming year and was told to start applying early. What I see (from Oxford and Cambridge at least) are a 1st Honours and High 2nd Honours requirement or whatever. Being from the US, I have no idea what that means. Is that like some sort of GPA? A Wikipedia search found that 12% of graduates from UK universities get 1st Honours and 73% get 2nd Honours. So what's the big deal? Secondly, I know that you need a Master's first. Is there an easy way to jump from a US bachelor's into Europe for a Ph.D.? Or would I first have to earn a Master's on my own coin somehow and then go to Europe? That seems like too much of a hassle if that's the case.