Even and odd eigenfunctons

  1. 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    We are given the following Sturm-Liouville eigenvalueproblem:
    (p(x)y')' + r(x)y = [itex]\lambda[/itex]y
    y(-a) = y(a) = 0

    on a symmetrisch interval I = [-a, a]. About p(x) and r(x) we are given that p(-x) = p(x) < 0 and r(-x) = r(x) [itex]\forall[/itex]x [itex]\in[/itex] [-a, a]. Show that every eigenfunction is either even or odd.


    2. Relevant equations
    -


    3. The attempt at a solution
    I was thinking of using the fact that for two different eigenvalues with their corresponding eigenfunctions w(x), v(x) the following identity holds:

    $$\int_{-a}^{a} v(x) w(x) dt = 0$$

    which hopefully implies that v(x) w(x) is an odd function. However, this doesn't really seem to work because both v(x) and w(x) can be even and then the identity above still holds (even though v(x) w(x) is even).

    My second thought is trying to get some expression like the following:
    $$\int_{-a}^{a} p'(x) w(x) dt = 0$$ or $$\int_{-a}^{a} r(x) w(x) dt = 0$$ since that would imply that w(x) is either even or odd. However I cannot seem to get any expression like that.

    What am I missing in this problem?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. vela

    vela 12,635
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
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    Try changing variables from x to -x. Use that to show that if y(x) is a solution, then y(-x) is also a solution.
     
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