# Exploring Landau Levels: Calculating Orbitals & Wavefunctions

• Gavroy
In summary, the conversation was about finding information on Landau levels and the orbitals associated with them. The speaker was looking for a link or guidance on how to calculate the orbitals, specifically the most probable 90%. Someone suggested calculating the probability density using the wavefunction, but they were unsure of how to obtain the actual orbitals.
Gavroy
hey,

i am concerned with landau levels and wanted to ask you whether you have a link, where one can see the orbitals- just like the orbitals for the hydrogen atom- for at least a few electron states?

otherwise it would be sufficient if you could give me a hint how to calculate them.

i guess, i need to calculate the probability density as the square of the wavefunction.

but how do I get the orbitals, which should be the most probable 90%?

does anyone here have an idea?

## 1. What are Landau levels?

Landau levels are quantized energy levels that occur in a two-dimensional electron gas when a magnetic field is applied perpendicular to the plane. They are named after the physicist Lev Landau who first described them in the 1930s.

## 2. How are Landau levels calculated?

Landau levels can be calculated using the Landau quantization formula, which relates the energy of an electron in a magnetic field to its quantum number and the strength of the magnetic field. The wavefunction and orbital of the electron can also be determined using mathematical methods such as the Schrödinger equation.

## 3. What is the significance of Landau levels?

Landau levels have important implications in the study of condensed matter physics, particularly in the behavior of electrons in materials with strong magnetic fields. They can also help explain various phenomena such as the quantum Hall effect and the fractional quantum Hall effect.

## 4. Can Landau levels be observed experimentally?

Yes, Landau levels can be observed experimentally through various techniques such as magneto-optical spectroscopy or scanning tunneling microscopy. These methods allow scientists to directly measure the energy levels and wavefunctions of electrons in a magnetic field.

## 5. How do Landau levels relate to the behavior of electrons in a material?

The behavior of electrons in a material is heavily influenced by the presence of Landau levels. In a strong magnetic field, the electrons will occupy these discrete energy levels and exhibit quantized behavior, leading to unique properties and phenomena in the material.

• Quantum Physics
Replies
44
Views
2K
• Quantum Physics
Replies
8
Views
728
• Quantum Physics
Replies
6
Views
388
• Quantum Physics
Replies
13
Views
2K
• Quantum Physics
Replies
36
Views
1K
• Quantum Physics
Replies
1
Views
784
• Quantum Physics
Replies
1
Views
883
• Quantum Physics
Replies
9
Views
2K
• Quantum Physics
Replies
15
Views
2K
• Quantum Physics
Replies
3
Views
1K