Exploring Tunnel Construction on the Moon and its Potential Benefits for Earth

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In summary: If the walls of the tunnel are made of the same material as the core of the moon, could they withstand the environment?
  • #1
UrbanXrisis
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I was given the equation for the period of oscillation thought a tunnel:[tex]T=2 \pi \sqrt{\frac{R_E^3}{GM_E}}[/tex]

then asked how I could transform that into [tex]T=2 \pi \sqrt{\frac{R_E}{g}}[/tex]

which I did through the idea that [tex]g=\frac{GM_E}{R_E^2}[/tex]

The the question asked what would be the period if tunnels were made though the moon?

and what practical problem regarding these tunnels on Earth would be removed if they were built on the Moon?

I'm clueless here
 
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  • #2
I'm guessing that the equation would be the same equation but just use the radius of the moon and the acceleration of the moon?

The practical problem would be there is no air friction?
 
  • #3
They gave you the equation for the determining the period of oscillation - all you have to do is find out the radius of the Moon, the gravitational acceleration on the Moon, and plug the numbers into your equation.

Yes, the lack of atmosphere eliminates one practical problem. There's another, though. The Moon, like the Earth, is rotating. What direction will gravity accelerate an object dropped into the tunnel? How long will the tunnel occupy the space that gravity's pulling the object toward? In fact, how much lateral velocity did the object have when it was first dropped? (the object should initially be traveling the same direction and speed as the surface was).

That problem won't exactly be eliminated on the Moon. However, if you calculate the angular velocity of the Earth's rotation and the angular velocity of the Moon's rotation, you'll notice the problem isn't nearly as big on the Moon (in fact, it's about 27.4 times smaller).

Here's a discussion we had about the type of tunnels you're talking about.

tunnel through the centre
 
  • #4
UrbanXrisis said:
I was given the equation for the period of oscillation thought a tunnel:[tex]T=2 \pi \sqrt{\frac{R_E^3}{GM_E}}[/tex]

then asked how I could transform that into [tex]T=2 \pi \sqrt{\frac{R_E}{g}}[/tex]

which I did through the idea that [tex]g=\frac{GM_E}{R_E^2}[/tex]

The the question asked what would be the period if tunnels were made though the moon?

and what practical problem regarding these tunnels on Earth would be removed if they were built on the Moon?

I'm clueless here

There are no doubt several things one could identify, but most of those could be overcome. Air resistance could be eliminated by evacuating the tunnel. Rotational problems could be eliminated by frictionless magnetic confinement to keep the object in the tunnel. The major practical problem I see is finding a material for the walls of a tunnel that can withstand the environment. What is the composition of the core of the Earth and that of the moon?
 

Related to Exploring Tunnel Construction on the Moon and its Potential Benefits for Earth

What is the purpose of creating tunnels through the Moon?

The purpose of creating tunnels through the Moon is to potentially provide access to underground resources and potential habitats for future lunar colonization. It could also serve as a means of transportation and communication between different parts of the Moon.

How would tunnels through the Moon be constructed?

Tunnels through the Moon could be constructed using various methods such as drilling, blasting, or using tunnel boring machines. The specific method would depend on the composition of the Moon's surface and the desired size and shape of the tunnels.

What are the potential challenges of creating tunnels through the Moon?

The main challenges of creating tunnels through the Moon include the harsh lunar environment, such as extreme temperatures and radiation, as well as the lack of atmosphere and gravity. The structural stability of the tunnels and maintaining them over time would also be a challenge.

What are the potential benefits of having tunnels through the Moon?

The potential benefits of having tunnels through the Moon include easier access to resources for future space exploration and colonization, as well as the potential for scientific research and discovery of new information about the Moon's interior. It could also serve as a way to protect humans from the hazards of the lunar surface.

What is the current status of tunnel construction through the Moon?

Currently, there are no tunnels through the Moon as the technology and resources required for such a project are still being developed. However, there have been proposals and studies done on the feasibility of creating tunnels through the Moon, and it remains a topic of interest for future space exploration and colonization efforts.

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