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Exponential Functions

  1. Apr 8, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    1. (3*square root of 2)^square root of 2 How do I simplify this and other exponential expressions?
    2. 3^(power of 2*x)-1=3^(power of x) + 2 How do i solve this?

    3. The attempt at a solution
    I don't know how to attempt it...
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 8, 2008 #2
    so you have
    1. [tex](3\sqrt 2)^{\sqrt 2}[/tex]
    and
    2. [tex](3)^{2x}-1=3^{x}+2[/tex]
    Number 1 looks like a calculator problem.
    Number 2 looks like a quadratic if you let [tex]y=3^x[/tex]
    I didn't work it out and I don't know exactly what your requirements are
     
  4. Apr 8, 2008 #3
    there are none for 1 i have to simplify and for 2 i have to find the value of x that makes both of those equal
     
  5. Apr 8, 2008 #4
    you have to make 1 and 2 equal?
    Please state the original problem. Is my interpretationof the equations accurate?
     
  6. Apr 8, 2008 #5
    yes they are correct
     
  7. Apr 8, 2008 #6
    basically i have to find the value of x and by taking what the number is being multiplied to the power of so 3^x +2
    I would set that equal to something like that from the first part. GAhh its hard, MATH IS HARD!
     
  8. Apr 8, 2008 #7
    please state the problem as it is written. I'm not seeing the connection here. I want to help you out.
     
  9. Apr 8, 2008 #8
  10. Apr 9, 2008 #9
    Not completely sure if I understand the problems.

    1) [tex](3^{\sqrt2})^\sqrt2[/tex]

    [tex](x^m)(x^n) = x^{m*n}[/tex]

    so,
    [tex]3^{\sqrt2*\sqrt2}[/tex]

    Now just simplify it a little more.

    2) [tex]3^{3x} - 1 = 3^{x+2}[/tex]

    Possibly use ln to solve.


    [tex]ln(3^{3x} - 1) = ln(3^{x+2})[/tex]

    [tex]2xln3-(x+2)ln3 = ln1[/tex]

    [tex]ln3(2x-(x+2))=ln1[/tex]

    [tex]x = \frac{ln1}{ln3}+2[/tex]
     
    Last edited: Apr 9, 2008
  11. Apr 10, 2008 #10
    those last equations are not correct,
    [tex]ln(x+y) \not= lnx+lny[/tex]
     
  12. Apr 10, 2008 #11

    HallsofIvy

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    There is no "problem" there, just an expression and an equation with no indication what you are to do with them. Furthermore, it makes no sense to say "make them equal"- an expression cannot be equal to an equation.

    [tex](3^\sqrt{2})^\sqrt{2}[/tex]
    can be simplified a lot by using the "law of exponents": (ab)c= abc. What is [itex]\sqrt{2}\sqrt{2}[/itex]?

    For
    [tex]3^{3x} - 1 = 3^{x+2}[/tex]
    write it as
    [tex](3^x)^3- 1= (3^x)(3^2)[/itex]
    and let u= 3x. Then your equation becomes
    [tex]u^3- 1= 9u[/itex]
    Unfortunately, that clearly does not have any rational number solutions.
     
  13. Apr 10, 2008 #12
    hmm omg this is simple alg 2 why can't I get this? Now I can't understand logartithms :( I'm gonna have to use google to search some of this up.
     
  14. Apr 10, 2008 #13

    tiny-tim

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    Hi amd123! :smile:

    Your original question was (3*square root of 2)^square root of 2.

    But your .jpg looks like (3^square root of 2)^square root of 2.

    Which is it? :confused:
     
  15. Apr 11, 2008 #14

    HallsofIvy

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    This problem reminds me of the proof that it is possible to have an irrational number, to an irrational power, equal to a rational number.

    Consider [itex]3^\sqrt{2}[/itex]. If that is rational, we are done. Of course, I don't happen to know whether it is rational or not, but that doesn't matter because if it is not rational then [itex](3^\sqrt{2})^\sqrt{2}[/itex] is "an irrational number to an irrational power" and is clearly rational.

    We haven't determined what "irrational number to an irrational power" is rational, but it must be one of those!
     
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