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## Homework Statement

Compute and plot the entropy S(T) for the truncated system. My actual question is what the function S(T) should be.

## Homework Equations

Consider a bound single-particle system with a discrete, equidistant (spectral constant = delta e) energy spectrum.

epsilon_j - epsilon_j-1 = delta e, (j = 1,2,...)

Partition function Z = Sum notation(j=0...N) e^(-beta*j*delta e), for N = 1...25

Partition function Z = 1/[1-e^(-1/t)] for N approaches infinitive (truncated system)

beta = 1/(k_B*T), k_B is a Boltzmann constant

t = (k_B*T)/delta e

N is the number of excited states

## The Attempt at a Solution

I know 2 expressions for the entropy S:

a) S/k_B = lnZ + beta*E

With this expression, I know k_B, Z and beta (which can be expressed in terms of variable T). But I don't know E, which is the mean energy per configuration. Also, if I use the truncated formula above, I will face a problem with unknown t. Obviously, I can convert t into T by the above formula, but then I have to deal with the unknown delta e.

b) S = -k_B*[Sum notation (n = 1...omega) p_n*ln(p_n)], where omega is the number of available micro-states

Basically, I know that

p_j = (1/Z)*e^(-beta*j*delta e)

Then, again, I don't know delta e and I'm not sure what is the proper way to handle this kind of formula for the case of N approaches infinitive (truncated system).

Is there anyone who can show me an expression for S(T) with only variable T, either based on the above expressions or based on something else? I need to plot S(T), and you know that only T should be the independent variable.

Thank you in advance any input from you!!!