Falling flowerpotstuck on simple part

  • Thread starter Rockdog
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In summary, the initial force acting on the pot is 31.36 N downwards due to gravity. After it falls 28 m, its speed is 23.4 m/s and it experiences a constant deceleration of 182 m/s/s. The force exerted on the liquid by the pot can be calculated by using the equation F=M*a (in the y direction), where M is the mass of the pot and a is the deceleration experienced by the pot. The negative of this force is the force exerted by the pot on the liquid.
  • #1
Rockdog
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A 3.2 kg flowerpot drops from a tall building. The initial speed of the pot is zero, and you may neglect air resistance.

a) What is the magnitude of the force acting on the pot while it is in the air 1.5 s after it begins to fall?

b) After the pot has fallen 28 m, what is its speed?

c) After the pot has fallen 28 m, it enters a viscous liquid, which brings it to rest over a distance of 1.5 m. Assuming constant deceleration over this distance, what is the magnitude of this deceleration?

d) What is the force exerted on the liquid by the pot?

-----------------------------------------------------------
Okay, I got the answers for the first three, which are
1) 31.36 N
2) 23.4 m/s
3) 182 m/s/s

If you really want to know how I did it, I can provide that in a later post, but that's not the point here.

I'm stuck on the last question.
I know I have to use this equation; F=M*a (in the y direction)
Well, I was thinking, the object has a downward force of 31.36 N, so when it hits the liquid, shouldn't the liquid push back up 31.36N? Of course, my answer doesn't match the computer, so insight appreciated.

*31.36N achieved by 3.2kg*9.8m/s/s
 
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  • #2
The object does not have a downward force of 31.36 N... gravity is applying a 31.36 N downward force to the object. (I'm not sure if you know the distinction, so I'm stating it to be on the safe side)



You know the acceleration experienced by the object. You know the mass of the object. Thus, you know the net force acting on the object! (If the net force was 0, your reasoning would be correct in spirit... but the object is decelerating so the net force is not 0!)

There are two contributions to the net force; the 31.36 N downward force supplied by gravity, and the unknown force supplied by the liquid, and these have to add up to the net force.

Once you know the force with which the liquid acts upon the pot, then the negative of that is the force with which the pot acts upon the liquid.
 
  • #3
=31.36N*

For the last question, you are correct in using the equation F=ma. However, you have to consider the direction of the force and acceleration. The force acting on the liquid by the pot is in the opposite direction of the pot's motion, so it would be a negative value. Also, the acceleration of the pot in the viscous liquid is not the same as its acceleration due to gravity. It is decelerating, so the acceleration would be negative as well.

To find the force exerted on the liquid by the pot, we can use the equation F=ma, where m is the mass of the pot and a is the deceleration of the pot in the liquid. So, it would be F=3.2kg*(-182m/s^2) = -582.4 N. This means that the liquid is exerting a force of 582.4 N in the opposite direction of the pot's motion, causing it to decelerate and eventually come to a stop over a distance of 1.5 m.

I hope this helps! Let me know if you have any other questions.
 

1. What causes a flowerpot to fall and get stuck on a simple part?

There could be several reasons for this, including strong winds or unstable placement of the flowerpot on the simple part.

2. How can I prevent a flowerpot from getting stuck on a simple part?

To prevent this from happening, make sure to securely fasten the flowerpot to the simple part and avoid placing it in areas with high wind or uneven surfaces.

3. Is a falling flowerpot stuck on a simple part dangerous?

It can be dangerous if the simple part is supporting a heavy load or if the flowerpot falls from a great height. It is best to address the issue immediately to avoid any potential hazards.

4. Can I use any type of flowerpot on a simple part?

It is important to consider the weight and size of the flowerpot when choosing one to place on a simple part. A lightweight and well-balanced flowerpot is less likely to fall and get stuck.

5. How can I safely remove a flowerpot stuck on a simple part?

If the flowerpot is not too heavy, you can try gently tilting and twisting it to loosen it from the simple part. If the flowerpot is too heavy, it is best to seek assistance or use proper tools to carefully remove it.

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